I've been tracking our net worth like a weirdo since I started working in 2003.
That's over 14 years of data. Sweet sweet data.
That first row is so simple. 2 bank accounts, 1 brokerage account, and what I considered an impressive net worth of $8,745.69.
Except I didn't do it right. I only recorded my positive balances!
$4,519.44 was my Roth IRA, accumulated during high school and college. The rest was a sizable signing & moving bonus from Northrop Grumman. My side hustle proceeds played a role too.
It didn't include $35,000 in student loans… which was my error.
What's most enlightening are the comments I left. They're little notes in some cells to help jog my memory on what happened that month. They're typically tentpole moments in my life, like moving, getting married, selling a business, or something similarly significant. Sometimes they're mundane, like making estimated tax payments.
After fourteen years, a lot of my behavior has changed. There are things I used to do that I've stopped. Some of them were intentional changes, most of them weren't.
Here are all the lessons I learned in the last fourteen+ years of tracking our net worth:
Try to Maintain Long-Term Thinking
When I was younger, I was very impatient (still am probably). I didn't understand why older people took so long to make decisions and take action – my impatient brain wanted to go NOW.
Not NOW, but NOW YESTERDAY.
As I've aged, I've slowed my decision-making process (my execution is still that impatient, go as fast as possible) because it pays to be more deliberate. Measure twice, cut once.
With 14+ years of data, I've realized that life is less a Formula 1 race and more like a cruise around the world. It takes time to turn a cruise ship so take a few extra moments to think about the course. You won't lose anything.
The (financial) decisions you make today won't have a big impact on your life tomorrow. Or the next day. But in ten years, they will.
I made my first Roth IRA contribution in high school, at the urging of my father. On less than $20,000 of contributions over the last 15 years (it's front-loaded, but everyone should be saving more and more often), it's grown to nearly $50,000. The rate of return from 2011 until now is nearly 17% a year. (this rate of return atypical)
Seeing rows and rows of data reinforces this longer-term view.
But the long term is the right term. It stops you from freaking out in the short term.
Consider this – you won't be touching your 401(k) until you retire. 65.
How many years is that? 10? 20? 40?
Take a peek back at the stock market during any of those periods. There have been several huge shocks and recoveries. Past history is not indicative of future results, but over the long-term, the market moves up and to the right.
Check this chart of the S&P 500 index:
- The red line begins near the high of late 2007 before things went south.
- October 2007: The S&P500 is ~1,560.
- March 2009: The S&P 500 hits a low of 683.
- April 2013: The S&P 500 is back to ~1,560.
One of the worst economic recessions (nothing great about the Great Recession!) and our stock market recovered from its low in four years. FOUR YEARS!
Personally, we've had months where our net worth battled six-figure increases and decreases (not often, but it has happened). We try to note the reasons behind them (it's almost always the stock market and sometimes quarterly estimated taxes on top of it) and then move on.
Mr. Market has a nasty temper but has never lost his way.
I Stopped Checking Stocks DailyLike everyone else, I like checking stuff. You get that dopamine hit when something exciting happens.
Whether it's my email, blog earnings, or stock holdings on Google Finance… I was checking it multiple times a day. Right before the market opened, I looked at SSO – the ticker for the ProShares Ultra S&P500 (ETF). It's designed as a 2x of the S&P500 but it's traded pre-market.
When the market opened, I would look at my portfolio to see what was happening.
As soon as I typed “F,” my browser would fill in the rest of finance.google.com! (now “F” goes to Facebook!)
Sometimes I look and there's an unexpected spike, so I get the dopamine hit. Sometimes I peek and there's an unexpected drop, so I get anxious.
I would read some of the news articles, I'd look at other stocks, I'd see how the broader market was doing… but that was it. I was doing that because I was bored at work and didn't want to find more work to do.
More importantly, it was unproductive. Checking doesn't spur action (nor should it!) so I worked towards stopping that behavior. It didn't cut it off cold turkey but I replaced it with more productive activity. I stopped looking at my stocks. Now that I work for myself, I replaced it with other, seemingly more productive, things (not Facebook!).
Also, checking is counterproductive because it places a higher priority on what happens in the short term. The movements of today will not be important in a year. It certainly won't be important in five. Definitely not in 10+. If you trust in the trend, that it goes up and to the right, then you might as well avoid the emotional swings in the near term.
I still check the news during important periods, like quarterly reports, because they can reveal changes in the business that affect my investment decisions. Most of the time, I just check tools in my financial dashboard every month and mostly leave it at that.
Investments Matter More Than Wage IncomeWhen I first started working, my net worth rose on payday and slowly slid down.
As I got older and was able to save more, my net worth stopped rising and falling significantly (percentage-wise) based on my pay. The tumultuous stock market, especially 2008, had a bigger impact. (5 of the largest point gains in the S&P were in 2008, 4 of the largest point losses were also in 2008)
There will come a time, and it'll feel strange when it does, that the stock market will have a greater impact on your net worth than your job's income.
If you have $25,000 in your 401(k), a 1% move is $250. That's not a big move.
If you have $250,000 in your 401(k), a 1% move is $2,500. OK, that tickles.
If you have $750,000 in your 401(k), a 1% move is $7,500. Hmmm…
If you have $1.5 million in your 401(k), a 1% move is $15,000. OK, that's significant.
If the market moves 1% down and you make $15,000 a month, you might feel like you worked for free.
(you didn't, but your monkey brain thinks that way)
That takes getting used to but you will, over time, and there's really no way to force the adjustment.
The Point Isn't MoreOur net worth is high.
When we look at Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, a relatively high net worth covers the bottom few levels. We're not worrying about food, shelter, etc. We're focused on relationships, connection, and self-actualization. The work we do has to matter to us and not chasing a paycheck has been an adjustment.
When I would interview for jobs in college, interviewers asked me why I wanted the job and my honest answer was “to make money.”
I needed to eat!
The work had to be interesting but, to be frank, it had to pay well. I always gave a BS answer like “I enjoy programming because I like to solve interesting problems and the immediate gratification of seeing my code work is appealing.”
I felt it was disingenuous because while it was a true reason (I do like solving interesting problems, I do like seeing my code work, so it wasn't a lie) – the #1 reason is $$$$$.
Once you've gotten to the escape velocity and no longer feel financial gravity, it's time to use that freedom.
You have to work jobs and projects that matter to you for reasons other than money. All work can be hard and you need that motivation to push through the difficult parts to succeed. I suffered through all kinds of hardship to earn money because I needed to. When you don't “need” it, in the moment, you have to draw on other motivations.
It's a hard transition… for 30+ years I learned a key lesson from my hard-working immigrant parents (immigrant being significant because it meant we had no local family as a safety net) – get a good paying job and keep it.
As you age and move towards a freer financial situation, it's time to work on other needs outside of accumulating more money.
Predictability is keyWhen I was younger and read about models and projects, I scoffed at them. Human beings are terrible at predictions but we still do it. Why?
It's better than nothing.
And keeping to a prediction is better than nothing. It's better to be slow, steady, and predictable than anything else. Doing too much is as bad as doing too little (perhaps you've taken on too much risk).
It's also why I read stories about Bitcon and don't really care. I need massive gains in a speculative bet on Bitcoin like I need the little plastic ball to fall in a red slot in Roulette.
Over the long term, blockchain will be important. Smart contracts will be important. Bitcoin may not. Who knows and I don't care.
That said, I will never make a large enough bet that a win would be significant. If it's not significant, why bother betting? If I don't experience joy in a win and I still feel the loss when I lose, that's a bad bet! (loss aversion is something humans loathe)
It's About How Much You Keep
One of the sheets in my Net Worth Record collects data from my tax return (I write down the Line number because I only do this once a year and don't want to search for it!):
- Total Income – Line 22
- Adjusted Gross Income – Line 37
- Taxable Income – Line 43
- Wages – Line 7
- Interest – Line 8
- Dividends – Line 9
- Capital Gains – Line 13
- Business Income – Line 17
- Total Tax – Line 61/63
- Effective Tax Rate – Total Tax / AGI
It's fascinating how our finances have changed over the years. In the beginning, the largest numbers were in the wage column. Wages are great but they don't come passively – you have to work to earn those wages.
One of the treasures coming out of the financial independence / retire early (FIRE) movement is that it has shown people that you can retire early if you save diligently. You can build an investment portfolio that generates income to replace your wage income. That stream of income is yours regardless of how many hours you work and that's a powerful idea.
Every year, we get our dividends and interest no matter what. I consider it our own form of basic income. The difference is that it comes from the money made from active work but it's completely passive. (and, taxed favorably in the case of qualified dividends)
In my first three years of working, I had a hundred dollars or so of bank interest and $0 in dividends. In 2016, dividends were 40% of our adjusted gross income (granted, given the ebbs and flows of small business, our wage income is quite low). It's not free money since it relies on savings in years past, but we don't have to work for it.
It's You Vs. You, Not You Vs. Anyone ElseLastly, and this is exacerbated by social media, compare you vs. you from a year ago. Versus you from five or ten years ago. Don't compare you versus your current friends, your high school, and college friends, or your partner's ex. 🙂
Social media has given us everyone's highlights. The awesome trip they took, the amazing meal they had, the insane car they bought, the house they live in, the family they spawned, the whatever – it's Keeping Up With All The Joneses At Once and it'll drive you nuts.
It's far better to practice stealth wealth, for a variety of reasons, but the biggest reason is for your own mental health. That type of competition, and ostentatious shows of wealth, just isn't healthy.
When I look at the last 14 years, I see a growth that is often uneven but trending upwards. My goal isn't to beat someone else, it's to stay ahead of Yesterday Me.
It's like the stock market. Don't fall in love or compare yourself with the Bitcoins of the world, just fall in love with the onward and upward growth. Take one step each day and you'll get there. Focus on that and you will keep your sanity.
Try to keep up with others and you will run yourself ragged.
Have you been tracking your net worth for a while?
What have you learned from doing so?