When Can You File Your 2023 Tax Return? (For Income Earned in 2022)

Many people try to file a tax return early to start planning the rest of this year’s financial goals like car repairs and vacation. Filing your taxes as soon as possible can help you get a tax refund quickly. And if you owe money finding out early can give you time to plan.

When filing your taxes in 2023 you are filing a return for income earned in 2022. It gets confusing when 2022 and 2023 are used interchangeably to describe the same task but welcome to taxes! 😂

Related: Do You Need to File a Tax Return?

Here are the key details to know about filing taxes and answers to common tax questions.

Table of Contents
  1. When Can You File Your 2023 Tax Return?
    1. When is the Federal Income Tax Deadline?
    2. Why You Should File Your Tax Return as Early as Possible
    3. Other Income Tax Deadlines to Know
    4. Tax Estimates for the Self-Employed and Others with Additional Tax Liability
    5. Small Businesses
  2. What Tax Documents do I Need?
  3. How Do I File My Own Taxes?
    1. Can I File My Taxes for Free?
  4. When Will I Receive My Tax Refund?
    1. What is a Tax Refund Loan?
  5. Can I File My Taxes Now?
  6. Summary

🔃UPDATED: Updated February 2023 with the IRS announcement that they will begin accepting tax returns on January 24th.

When Can You File Your 2023 Tax Return?

You can prepare your income tax return any time after the end of the 2022 calendar year, you’re really just waiting for all the necessary documents and information, but you can’t file the return immediately.

Each year, the IRS announces when the tax season “starts” and when you can file a return. This year, the IRS announced that the tax season would start on Monday, January 24th, 2023.

If you are ready to start preparing your return here’s where you can file for free

When is the Federal Income Tax Deadline?

The federal income tax deadline is typically April 15th and your state deadline is usually the same day. It can change based on the day of the week the 15th, with it sliding due to weekends or holidays.

For 2023, the tax due date slides to April 18th because:

  • The 15th is a Saturday,
  • The 16th is a Sunday,
  • The 17th is Emancipation Day, a holiday recognized in Washington, D.C.,
  • The tax deadline is the 18th of April.

For clarity, we will continue to refer to the due date as the 15th even though for 2023 it’s the 18th.

If you owe the IRS money with a tax liability, payment is due by this date to avoid penalties and interest.

You can file an automatic six-month tax extension using IRS Form 4868 if you need more time to prepare your taxes. The tax filing deadline for the extension is October 15,.

However, if you owe money to the IRS penalty charges start on the regular deadline – even if you haven’t filed yet. If you think you may owe a tax liability, you can make an estimated payment before April 15 to minimize a tax penalty.

If you’re eligible to receive a tax refund, you can file after the deadline penalty-free, but tax prep may cost more as rates go up as filing deadlines approach.

April 15, 2023, is the due date for estimated taxes from January 1 to March 31, 2023.

The state income tax deadlines vary by state and can be later than the federal deadline.

Why You Should File Your Tax Return as Early as Possible

While some taxpayers don’t even begin thinking about income tax filing until March – and for a few, not until April – that won’t be the best strategy for most taxpayers.

There are two primary reasons to file your tax return as early in the year as possible:

To get your refund as soon as possible. According to the IRS, the average income tax refund in 2022 was $3,253, and that doesn’t include any state income tax refund you may be entitled to. According to the IRS, refunds were issued to 108.6 million taxpayers, which is the vast majority of taxpayers in the country.

To minimize the possibility of income tax refund fraud. Scammers have found ways to file a fraudulent tax return using your personal information, which can include your name, Social Security number, and address. They’ll file a return very early in the year, claiming a large refund. By filing early, you’ll reduce the possibility of this happening. Here’s more about that

On the first point, it’s also worth noting that the earlier you file during the tax season, the faster the return will be processed.

For example, if you file in February, you’ll likely receive your refund within two weeks. But if you wait until early April, it may be delayed as long as three or four weeks. That’s because processing times get longer as more returns are filed. By filing early, the stream of incoming returns at the IRS will be lighter.

Other Income Tax Deadlines to Know

Though the individual income tax filing deadline (normally April 15) and the extension filing date (October 15) are of importance to most taxpayers, there are other tax deadlines that will apply in 2023, just as in all other tax years. But those will apply primarily to the self-employed, small businesses, and anyone who expects owe additional tax.

Examples of individuals who may owe additional tax include the following:

  • Freelancers.
  • Full-time employees who also have a side business.
  • Individuals who receive significant investment income.
  • Social Security, pension and retirement distribution recipients (though withholding can usually be established with each income type).
  • Recipients of a large amount of unemployment insurance. This will be especially important for the 2020 tax year since millions of Americans received both federal and state unemployment benefits at some time during the year.
  • Anyone who receives a taxable windfall, such as from the sale of an investment property, undeveloped land, or a business asset.

Each of the above activities or events can result in an additional income tax liability, which will require the payment of tax estimates over and above any withholding you may have on your regular earnings from employment.

Tax Estimates for the Self-Employed and Others with Additional Tax Liability

The IRS expects taxpayers to pay the additional tax liability in the quarter in which it’s earned. Many self-employed individuals who have their returns either professionally prepared or self-prepared using tax-preparation software, will have those estimates prepared in advance based on the previous year’s tax liability.

Those estimates must be paid by check and including IRS Form 1040-ES, or online through IRS.gov Paying Your Taxes.

For 2023, the dates for estimated tax payments are:

Earning Period
Due Date
2023 First QuarterApril 18th, 2023
2023 Second QuarterJune 15th, 2023
2023 Third Quarter:September 15th, 2023
2023 Fourth QuarterJanuary 16th, 2024*
* If you file your tax return by January 31st, you do not need to make the fourth quarter estimated payment. You can simply calculate your actual taxes due and pay it with your return.

2023 First Quarter slides to April 18th because the 15th is a Saturday, 16th is a Sunday, and 17th is Emancipation Day.

2023 Fourth Quarter slides to January 16th because the 15th is a Sunday.

Small Businesses

If you have a small business and file your business income and expenses on Schedule C of your individual 1040, your business and individual filing deadline will be the same – April 15, 2023.

But if you operate your business as either a partnership or an S corporation, you’ll be required to file a tax return for your business by March 15, 2023.

That will include an IRS Form 1065, U.S. Return of Partnership Income for partnerships, or IRS Form 1120-S, U.S. Income Tax Return for an S Corporation for a Subchapter S corporation.

If you can’t file either return by the deadline, you’ll have a six-month extension to file, which will move the due date out to September 15, 2023.

Since the income from both partnerships and S corporations flows directly through to your individual income tax return, neither business tax return will typically require payment of tax.

However, the reason why business tax returns are due to be filed at least 30 days before individual income tax returns is to give the individual taxpayer the final income numbers to report on his or her individual return. For that reason, filing an extension on a business tax return may also require getting an extension on your individual return – unless the business tax return will be filed before April 15.

What Tax Documents do I Need?

Here is a list of common forms you’ll need to prepare your taxes (until you get these all, you won’t know your total income):

  • Employment income (Form W-2 or Form 1099)
  • Bank account interest (1099-INT)
  • Investment income (1099-DIV, 1099-B, 1099-MISC, 1099-R)
  • Social Security income (1099-SSA)
  • Unemployment income (1099-G)
  • Student loan interest payments (1098-E)
  • Rental property income

Employers will mail their W-2 forms by January 31. Banks usually send their 1099-INT forms by January 31.

Online brokers may not complete your tax forms before mid-February. Each broker has different publishing deadlines and checking their tax center for the availability dates is your best option.

For less-common investments, the investment income reports on a Schedule K-1 instead of a 1099 form. Examples include real estate partnerships or oil and gas stocks that are a Master Limited Partnership (MLP). Most K-1 tax forms distribute in mid-March and come directly from the company you own shares of.

If you can itemize your taxes, you should also gather these tax documents:

  • Charity donations (cash and non-cash)
  • Home mortgage interest payments
  • Local and state property taxes
  • Childcare expenses
  • Medical expenses

How Do I File My Own Taxes?

The easiest way to file your taxes is using online tax software.

Some of the most popular options include:

TurboTax and H&R Block can be the most expensive if you don’t qualify for their free filing option. But these two platforms offer more tools and hands-on help, such as expert tax assistance.

Discount tax software has fewer features and can be a little more difficult to use than the pricier alternatives. However, you can get similar results and spend less money.

Can I File My Taxes for Free?

Yes, it’s possible to file your taxes for free. Most tax software only lets you file simple tax returns for free when you only have these tax details:

  • W-2 income
  • Retirement income
  • Unemployment benefits
  • Bank account interest
  • Stock investment dividend income

Turbo Tax has a free version you can use if you have W-2 income, claim the standard deduction, have limited interest or dividend income, and qualify for the earned income or child tax credits.

H&R Block lets you file for free even if you have deductible student loan interest or similar education expenses.

Most platforms require you to pay if you earn freelancer/self-employment income reported on a Form 1099-MISC. You will also need to pay to file if you sell investments, cryptocurrency, or earn rental property income.

Here’s our full list of where you can file your taxes for free or at a discount.

When Will I Receive My Tax Refund?

The IRS processes most tax refunds with 21 days of accepting e-filed tax returns or four weeks after mailing a paper tax return.

By law, the IRS cannot send the tax season’s first tax refunds until February 15, 2022. Those claiming the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) or Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC) won’t get their refund until the first week of March – at the earliest.

You can track your refund status on the IRS website.

Direct deposit into a bank account can be the quickest way to receive a refund. You can also receive your refund by paper check which takes longer to receive your funds.

You can contact the IRS to investigate your missing tax refund if it’s been longer than 21 days for e-file returns or six weeks for paper returns.

What is a Tax Refund Loan?

Some tax prep software offer “tax refund loans” or a “refund advance.” This interest-free loan is usually between $500 and $4,000 of your federal tax refund amount and typically doesn’t have hidden fees – but always double-check.

The tax software loads the refund advance onto a prepaid debit card once the IRS approves your tax return and refund amount. Then, the IRS sends the refund to the tax preparer to pay off the advance.

Extra fees apply if you pay your tax prep fees with your tax refund instead of paying the fees upfront.

Can I File My Taxes Now?

Almost, the IRS announced you can file your taxes starting January 23, 2023 so you can file now if you have everything you need.

Online tax software, during the tax interview, will ask if you have any special these tax situations. If you’re unsure what tax credits and tax deductions you qualify for, the tax prep software helps you find out.

If you owe a tax liability, consider making a traditional IRA contribution to reduce your taxable adjusted gross income. Individuals can make up to $6,000 ($7,000 if age 50 or older) in combined traditional IRA and Roth IRA annual contributions.

The IRA contribution deadline is April 15, 2023, for calendar year 2022 contributions. It is unclear if this deadline was extended when the filing deadline was extended.


Now that you know when you can file your 2022 tax return, it’s time to prepare your tax documents. Filing with online tax software can be the easiest way to complete most tax returns and more platforms offer tax expert packages that can be cheaper than hiring a tax preparer.

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About Kevin Mercadante

Since 2009, Kevin Mercadante has been sharing his journey from a washed-up mortgage loan officer emerging from the Financial Meltdown as a contract/self-employed "slash worker" – accountant/blogger/freelance blog writer – on OutofYourRut.com. He offers career strategies, from dealing with under-employment to transitioning into self-employment, and provides "Alt-retirement strategies" for the vast majority who won’t retire to the beach as millionaires.

He also frequently discusses the big-picture trends that are putting the squeeze on the bottom 90%, offering workarounds and expense cutting tips to help readers carve out more money to save in their budgets – a.k.a., breaking the "savings barrier" and transitioning from debtor to saver.

Kevin has a B.S. in Accounting and Finance from Montclair State University.

Opinions expressed here are the author's alone, not those of any bank or financial institution. This content has not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities.

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